Artificial Intelligence News for July 14 2017

Will Artificial Intelligence Take Over The World?

In Talos Principle, we can assess the pros and cons of artificial intelligence. Watch More: How Could The Mortal Kombat Fatalities Work In Real Life?

Artificial intelligence prevails at predicting Supreme Court decisions

“See you in the Supreme Court!” President Donald Trump tweeted last week, responding to lower court holds on his national security policies. Is taking cases all the way to the highest court in the land a good idea? Artificial intelligence may soon have the answer. A new study shows that computers can do a better job than legal scholars at predicting Supreme Court decisions, even with less information. A 2011 project, for example, used the votes of any eight justices from 1953 to 2004 to predict the vote of the ninth in those same cases, with 83% accuracy. A 2004 paper tried seeing into the future, by using decisions from the nine justices who’d been on the court since 1994 to predict the outcomes of cases in the 2002 term. Researchers used the Supreme Court Database, which contains information on cases dating back to 1791, to build a general algorithm for predicting any justice’s vote at any time. They drew on 16 features of each vote, including the justice, the term, the issue, and the court of origin. Decision outcomes included whether the court reversed a lower court’s decision and how each justice voted. The model then looked at the features of each case for that year and predicted decision outcomes. From 1816 until 2015, the algorithm correctly predicted 70.2% of the court’s 28,000 decisions and 71.9% of the justices’ 240,000 votes, the authors report in. That bests the popular betting strategy of “Always guess reverse,” which has been the case in 63% of Supreme Court cases over the last 35 terms. Even knowledgeable legal experts are only about 66% accurate at predicting cases, the 2004 study found. Appellants could decide whether to take a case to the Supreme Court based on their chances of winning. Attorneys might also plug different variables into the model to forge their best path to a Supreme Court victory, including which lower court circuits are likely to rule in their favor, or the best type of plaintiff for a case.
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Understanding Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is already becoming entrenched in many facets of everyday life, and is being tapped for a growing array of core business applications, including predicting market and customer behavior, automating repetitive tasks and providing alerts when things go awry. As technology becomes more sophisticated, the use of AI will continue to grow quickly in the coming years, as explored in a new eMarketer report, “Artificial Intelligence 2016: What’s Now, What’s New and What’s Next”. A May 2015 survey of US business executives by Narrative Science found that 31% of respondents believed AI was “Technology that thinks and acts like humans.” Other conceptions included “Technology that can learn to do things better over time,” “Technology that can understand language” and “Technology that can answer questions for me.” At a deeper level there is confusion in the marketplace around AI technology and the terminology used to describe it. Similar-sounding terms-such as cognitive computing, machine intelligence, machine learning, deep learning and augmented intelligence-are used interchangeably, though there are subtle differences among them. “In essence we call it machine learning, because I think AI sometimes can spook some folks,” said Mahesh Tyagarajan, chief product officer at ecommerce personalization platform RichRelevance. Many people also don’t realize that AI powers some of today’s most buzzed-about technologies. A June 2016 survey by CompTIA found surprisingly low awareness of AI among US business and IT executives: Just 54% said they were aware of AI, compared with 78% who were aware of 3-D printing and 71% who knew of drones and virtual reality. Some of the higher-ranking technologies on the list-including virtual reality, self-driving vehicles and robotics-are underpinned by different types of AI, though they were not identified as such. Narrative Science also found that 58% of US business executives polled were already using AI-particularly in conjunction with big data technologies. Of those, nearly one-third said voice recognition and voice response solutions were the AI technologies they used most. The study showed that organizations also used AI for machine learning and as virtual personal assistants. Businesses in all industries are also making choices about how they will acquire AI technologies. A January 2016 survey of global executives in the financial industry by Euromoney Institutional Investor Thought Leadership found that 42% of respondents said their organization used internal R&D to develop its AI/machine learning capabilities.
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What is artificial intelligence? – BBC News

Sep 13, 2015 … A computer can beat the world chess champion and understand voice
commands on your smartphone, but real artificial intelligence has yet to¬†…
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Artificial Intelligence Has Written A Beatles-style Pop Hit

“Daddy’s Car” is the first entire pop song composed by artificial intelligence. Did someone just say, “The singularity”, or did we just hear the first song ever composed entirely by artificial intelligence? In the words of the developers, “Flow Machines software learns music styles from a huge database of songs. Then, exploiting unique combinations of style transfer, optimization and interaction techniques, it can compose in any style.” Hmmm, if there are two words that have always gone good together, it’s definitely “Music” and “Optimization.” We wonder whether techno musicians will give up their infatuation with the future now.
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Artificial Intelligence

All problems that are dealt with artificial intelligence solutions use the common term state. In an intelligent search problem / sub-problem, given a goal state, one has to reach that state from one or more known starting states. In heuristic search, we generally use one or more heuristic functions to determine the better candidate states among a set of legal states that could be generated from a known state. One simple way to explore this method is to measure the distance between the current state and the goal, and then apply an operator to the current state, so that the distance between the resulting state and the goal is reduced. In a stochastic reasoning model, the system can have transition from one given state to a number of states, such that the sum of the probability of transition to the next states from the given state is strictly unity.
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AI Horizon: Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Programming Resources

General Artificial Intelligence: Essays on neural networks, decision trees. Chess Artificial Intelligence: Essays on minimax algorithms, board evaluation. Go Artificial Intelligence: Essays on move evaluation, theories, problems. AI Links: The top links to other Artificial Intelligence resources on the internet. Books: Reviews of the top staff recommendations for books on Computer Science, Cognitive Science, and Artificial Intelligence.
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Artificial Intelligence

Job titles include systems analyst, systems programmer, systems designer and software developer. In December 2005, Pellissippi State Technical Community College, Knoxville, Tennessee, inaugurated an introduction to artificial intelligence course as part of its computer science curriculum. Big Bend Community College, Moses Lake, Washington, offers a course in artificial intelligence as part of its computer science curriculum; however, it is only mentioned in the context of guiding students who wish to transfer to four-year institutions to receive bachelors degrees. The suggested computer science courses for students interested in certificates or two-year degrees do not include artificial intelligence explicitly. Texas State Technical College Waco and Harlingen campuses offer two courses in artificial intelligence programming as part of the gaming and simulation specialization in computer science.
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Top 11 Artificial Intelligence Specialists For Hire In May …

Find freelance Artificial Intelligence experts for hire. Access 11 Artificial Intelligence freelancers and outsource your project.
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